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Martin Westgate

Research Fellow
Fenner School of Environment & Society
Australian National University


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Peer-reviewed publications

Click on a paper title to view the abstract, or the DOI to go to the version of record.

43. DB Lindenmayer, BC Scheele, MJ Westgate, W Blanchard, CN Foster, J Stein, M Crane, D Florance (In press) Habitat amount versus connectivity: an empirical study of bird responses. Biological Conservation

42. DB Lindenmayer, W Blanchard, D Blair, MJ Westgate & BC Scheele (2019) Spatio-temporal effects of logging and fire on tall, wet temperate eucalypt forest birds Ecological Applications 29(8): e01999 doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/eap.1999

41. PS Barton, MJ Westgate, K Cuddington, CN Foster, A Hastings, A Knapp, L O'Loughlin, CF Sato, M Smith, MR Willig, DB Lindenmayer (2020) Using ecological niche theory to avoid uninformative biodiversity surrogates. Ecological Indicators 108: 105692 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.105692

40. R Beggs, JC Pierson, AIT Tulloch, W Blanchard, MJ Westgate & DB Lindenmayer (In press) An empirical test of the mechanistic underpinnings of interference competition. Oikos doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/oik.06583

39. MJ Westgate (In press) revtools: An R package to support article screening for evidence synthesis. Research Synthesis Methods doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/jrsm.1374

38. NR Haddaway, A Feierman, MJ Grainger, CT Gray, E Tanriver-Ayder, S Dhaubanjar & MJ Westgate (2019) EviAtlas: a tool for visualising evidence synthesis databases. Environmental Evidence 8: 22 doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13750-019-0167-1

37. DJ Belder, JC Pierson, K Ikin, W Blanchard, MJ Westgate, M Crane & DB Lindenmayer (2019) Is bigger always better? Influence of patch attributes on breeding activity of birds in box-gum grassy woodland restoration plantings. Biological Conservation 236: 134-152 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2019.05.015

36. DB Lindenmayer, W Blanchard, MJ Westgate, CN Foster, SC Banks, PS Barton, K Ikin & BC Scheele (2019) Novel bird responses to successive large-scale landscape transformations. Ecological Monographs 89(3): e01362 doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/ecm.1362

35. CF Sato, MJ Westgate, PS Barton, CN Foster, L O'Loughlin, J Pierson, J Balmer, J Chapman, G Catt, T Detto, A Hawcroft, R Kavanagh, D Marshall, M McKay, K Moseby, M Perry, D Robinson, M Schroder, K Tuft, DB Lindenmayer (2019) The use and utility of surrogates in biodiversity monitoring programs. Journal of Applied Ecology 56(6): 1304-1310 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.13366

34. R Beggs, JC Pierson, AIT Tulloch, MJ Westgate, W Blanchard & DB Lindenmayer (2019) An experimental test of a compensatory nest predation model following lethal control of an overabundant native species. Biological Conservation 231: 122-132 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2019.01.003

33. S Nakagawa, G Samarasinghe, NR Haddaway, MJ Westgate, RE O'Dea, DWA Noble & M Lagisz (2019) Research Weaving: Visualizing the future of research synthesis. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 34(3): 224-238 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2018.11.007

32. DB Lindenmayer, P Lane, CN Foster, MJ Westgate, BC Scheele, CF Sato, K Ikin, M Crane, D Michael & D Florance (2019) Do migratory and resident birds differ in their responses to interacting effects of climate, weather and vegetation? Diversity & Distributions 25(3): 449-461 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12874

31. DB Lindenmayer, P Lane, M Crane, D Florance, CN Foster, K Ikin, D Michael, CF Sato, BC Scheele & MJ Westgate (2019) Weather effects on birds of different size are mediated by long-term climate and vegetation type in endangered temperate woodlands. Global Change Biology 25(2): 675-685 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14524

30. NR Haddaway & MJ Westgate (2019) Predicting the time needed for environmental systematic reviews and systematic maps. Conservation Biology 33(2): 434-443 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.13231

29. CN Foster, LS O'Loughlin, CF Sato, MJ Westgate, PS Barton, JC Pierson, JM Balmer, G Catt, J Chapman, T Detto, A Hawcroft, G Jones, RP Kavanagh, M McKay, D Marshall, KE Moseby, M Perry, D Robinson, JA Seddon, K Tuft & DB Lindenmayer (2019) How practitioners integrate decision triggers with existing metrics in conservation monitoring. Journal of Environmental Management 230: 94-101 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.09.067

28. LS O'Loughlin, DB Lindenmayer, MD Smith, MR Willig, AK Knapp, K Cuddington, A Hastings, CN Foster, CF Sato, MJ Westgate & PS Barton (2018) Surrogates underpin ecological understanding and practice. BioScience 68(9): 640-642 doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biy080

27. BS Scheele, S Legge, D Armstrong, P Copley, N Robinson, D Southwell, MJ Westgate & DB Lindenmayer (2018) How to improve threatened species management: An Australian perspective. Journal of Environmental Management 223: 668-674 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.06.084

26. DB Lindenmayer, P Lane, MJ Westgate, BC Scheele, C Foster, C Sato, M Crane, D Michael, D Florance, K Ikin, PS Barton, LS O'Loughlin, N Robinson (2018) Tests of predictions associated with temporal changes in Australian bird populations. Biological Conservation 222: 212-221 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2018.04.007

25. MJ Westgate, NR Haddaway, SH Cheng, EJ McIntosh, C Marshall & DB Lindenmayer (2018) Software support for environmental evidence synthesis. Nature Ecology & Evolution 2: 588-590 doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0502-x

24. MJ Westgate, C MacGregor, BC Scheele, DA Driscoll & DB Lindenmayer (2018) Effects of time since fire on frog occurrence are altered by isolation, vegetation, and fire frequency gradients. Diversity & Distributions 24(1): 82-91 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12659

23. MJ Westgate & DB Lindenmayer (2017) The difficulties of systematic reviews. Conservation Biology 31(5): 1002-1007 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12890

22. DB Lindenmayer, C MacGregor, J Wood, MJ Westgate, K Ikin, C Foster, F Ford & R Zentelis (2016) Bombs, fire and biodiversity: Vertebrate fauna occurrence in areas subject to military training. Biological Conservation 204(B): 276-283 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2016.10.030

21. DB Lindenmayer, SG Candy, SC Banks, MJ Westgate, K Ikin, JC Pierson, AIT Tulloch & PS Barton (2016) Do temporal changes in vegetation structure predict changes in bird occupancy additional to time since fire? Ecological Applications 26(7): 2267-2279 doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/eap.1367

20. MJ Westgate, AIT Tulloch, PS Barton, JC Pierson & DB Lindenmayer (2017) Optimal taxonomic groups for biodiversity assessment: A meta-analytic approach. Ecography 40: 539-548 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/ecog.02318

19. AIT Tulloch, I Chadés, Y Dujardin, MJ Westgate, PW Lane & DB Lindenmayer (2016) Dynamic species co-occurrence networks require dynamic biodiversity surrogates. Ecography 39(12): 1185-1196 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/ecog.02143

18. M Hunter Jr., M Westgate, P Barton, A Calhoun, J Pierson, A Tulloch, M Beger, C Branquino, T Caro, J Gross, J Heino, P Lane, C Longo, K Martin, WH McDowell, C Mellin, H Salo & D Lindenmayer (2016) Two roles for ecological surrogacy: Indicator surrogates and management surrogates. Ecological Indicators 63: 121-125 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.11.049

17. MJ Westgate, BC Scheele, K Ikin, AM Hoefer, RM Beaty, M Evans, W Osborne, L Rayner & DA Driscoll (2015) Citizen science program shows urban areas have lower occurrence of frog species, but not accelerated declines. PLOS ONE 10(11): e0140973 doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0140973

16. D Lindenmayer, J Pierson, P Barton, M Beger, C Branquinho, A Calhoun, T Caro, H Greig, J Gross, J Heino, M Hunter, P Lane, C Longo, K Martin, WH McDowell, C Mellin, H Salo, A Tulloch & M Westgate (2015) A new framework for selecting environmental surrogates. Science of the Total Environment 538: 1029-1038 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.08.056

15. MJ Westgate, PS Barton, JC Pierson & DB Lindenmayer (2015) Text analysis tools for identification of emerging topics and research gaps in conservation science. Conservation Biology 29(6): 1606-1614 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12605

14. D Stojanovic, A Terauds, MJ Westgate, MH Webb & R Heinsohn (2014) Exploiting the richest patch has a fitness pay-off for the migratory swift parrot. Journal of Animal Ecology 84(5): 1194-1201 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2656.12375

13. PS Barton, JC Pierson, MJ Westgate, PW Lane & DB Lindenmayer (2015) Learning from clinical medicine to improve the use of surrogates in ecology. Oikos 124: 391-398 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/oik.02007

12. A Mortelliti, MJ Westgate, J Stein, J Wood & DB Lindenmayer (2014) Ecological and spatial drivers of population synchrony in bird assemblages. Basic and Applied Ecology 16(3): 269-278 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.baae.2015.01.008

11. PW Lane, DB Lindenmayer, PS Barton, W Blanchard & MJ Westgate (2014) Visualisation of species pairwise associations: a case study of surrogacy in bird assemblages. Ecology and Evolution 4(16): 3279-3289 doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.1182

10. DB Lindenmayer, PW Lane, MJ Westgate, M Crane, D Michael, S Okada & PS Barton (2014) An empirical assessment of the focal species hypothesis. Conservation Biology 28(6): 1594-1603 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12330

9. A Mortelliti, MJ Westgate, & DB Lindenmayer (2014) Experimental evaluation shows limited influence of pine plantations on the connectivity of highly fragmented bird populations. Journal of Applied Ecology 51(5): 1179-1187 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.12313

8. PS Barton, MJ Westgate, PW Lane, C MacGregor & DB Lindenmayer (2014) Robustness of habitat-based surrogates of animal diversity: a multi-taxa comparison over time. Journal of Applied Ecology 51(5): 1434-1443 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.12290

7. MJ Westgate, PS Barton, PW Lane & DB Lindenmayer (2014) Global meta-analysis reveals low consistency of biodiversity congruence relationships. Nature Communications 5: 3899 doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms4899

6. DA Driscoll, SC Banks, PS Barton, K Ikin, P Lentini, DB Lindenmayer, AL Smith, LE Berry, EL Burns, A Edworthy, MJ Evans, R Gibson, R Heinsohn, B Howland, G Kay, N Munro, BC Scheele, I Stirnemann, D Stojanovic, N Sweaney, NR Villasenor, & MJ Westgate (2014) The trajectory of dispersal research in conservation biology. PLOS ONE 9(4): e95053 doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095053

5. DB Lindenmayer, PS Barton, PW Lane, MJ Westgate, L McBurney, D Blair, P Gibbons & GE Likens (2014) An empirical assessment and comparison of species-based and habitat-based surrogates: a case study of forest vertebrates and large old trees. PLOS ONE 9(2): e89807 doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089807

4. MJ Westgate, GE Likens, & DB Lindenmayer (2013) Adaptive management of biological systems: A review. Biological Conservation 158: 128-139 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2012.08.016

3. MJ Westgate, DA Driscoll & DB Lindenmayer (2012) Limited influence of stream networks on the terrestrial movements of three wetland-dependent frog species. Biological Conservation 153: 169-176 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2012.04.030

2. MJ Westgate, DA Driscoll & DB Lindenmayer (2012) Can the intermediate disturbance hypothesis and information on species traits predict anuran responses to fire? Oikos 121: 1516-1524 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0706.2011.19863.x

1. A Felton, J Fischer, DB Lindenmayer, R Montague-Drake, A Lowe, D Saunders, A Felton, W Steffen, NT Munro, K Youngentob, J Gillen, P Gibbons, JE Bruzgul, I Fazey, SJ Bond, CP Elliott, BCT Macdonald, LL Porfirio, MJ Westgate & M Worthy (2012) Climate change, conservation and management: an assessment of the peer-reviewed scientific journal literature. Biodiversity and Conservation 18: 2243-2253 doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-009-9652-0