Martin Westgate

Research Fellow
Fenner School of Environment & Society
Australian National University

  About Me




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This page lists all the currented accepted or published peer-reviewed articles that I have led or co-authored. My CV is available here.

In press

36. R Beggs, JC Pierson, AIT Tulloch, MJ Westgate & DB Lindenmayer (in press) An experimental test of a compensatory nest predation model following lethal control of an overabundant native species. Biological Conservation.

35. CF Sato, MJ Westgate, PS Barton, CN Foster, L O'Loughlin, J Pierson, J Balmer, J Chapman, G Catt, T Detto, A Hawcroft, R Kavanagh, D Marshall, M McKay, K Moseby, M Perry, D Robinson, M Schroder, K Tuft, DB Lindenmayer (in press) The use and utility of surrogates in biodiversity monitoring programs. Journal of Applied Ecology. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.13366

34. DB Lindenmayer, W Blanchard, MJ Westgate, CN Foster, SC Banks, PS Barton, K Ikin & BC Scheele (in press) Novel bird responses to successive large-scale landscape transformations. Ecological Monographs.

33. S Nakagawa, G Samarasinghe, NR Haddaway, MJ Westgate, RE O'Dea, DWA Noble & M Lagisz (in press) Research Weaving: Visualizing the future of research synthesis. Trends in Ecology & Evolution. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2018.11.007

32. NR Haddaway & MJ Westgate (in press) Predicting the time needed for environmental systematic reviews and systematic maps. Conservation Biology. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.13231


31. DB Lindenmayer, P Lane, CN Foster, MJ Westgate, BC Scheele, CF Sato, K Ikin, M Crane, D Michael & D Florance (2019) Do migratory and resident birds differ in their responses to interacting effects of climate, weather and vegetation? Diversity & Distributions 25(3): 449-461. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12874

30. DB Lindenmayer, P Lane, M Crane, D Florance, CN Foster, K Ikin, D Michael, CF Sato, BC Scheele & MJ Westgate (2019) Weather effects on birds of different size are mediated by long-term climate and vegetation type in endangered temperate woodlands. Global Change Biology 25(2): 675-685. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14524

29. CN Foster, LS O'Loughlin, CF Sato, MJ Westgate, PS Barton, JC Pierson, JM Balmer, G Catt, J Chapman, T Detto, A Hawcroft, G Jones, RP Kavanagh, M McKay, D Marshall, KE Moseby, M Perry, D Robinson, JA Seddon, K Tuft & DB Lindenmayer (2019) How practitioners integrate decision triggers with existing metrics in conservation monitoring. Journal of Environmental Management 230: 94-101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.09.067


28. LS O'Loughlin, DB Lindenmayer, MD Smith, MR Willig, AK Knapp, K Cuddington, A Hastings, CN Foster, CF Sato, MJ Westgate & PS Barton (2018) Surrogates underpin ecological understanding and practice. BioScience. https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biy080

27. BS Scheele, S Legge, D Armstrong, P Copley, N Robinson, D Southwell, MJ Westgate & DB Lindenmayer (2018) How to improve threatened species management: an Australian perspective. Journal of Environmental Management 223: 668-674. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.06.084

26. DB Lindenmayer, P Lane, MJ Westgate, BC Scheele, C Foster, C Sato, M Crane, D Michael, D Florance, K Ikin, PS Barton, LS O'Loughlin, N Robinson (2018) Tests of predictions associated with temporal changes in Australian bird populations. Biological Conservation 222: 212-221. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2018.04.007

25. MJ Westgate, NR Haddaway, SH Cheng, EJ McIntosh, C Marshall & DB Lindenmayer (2018) Software support for environmental evidence synthesis. Nature Ecology and Evolution 2: 588–590. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0502-x

24. MJ Westgate, C MacGregor, BC Scheele, DA Driscoll & DB Lindenmayer (2018) Effects of time since fire on frog occurrence are altered by isolation, vegetation, and fire frequency gradients. Diversity & Distributions 24(1): 82-91. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12659


23. MJ Westgate & DB Lindenmayer (2017) The difficulties of systematic reviews. Conservation Biology 31(5): 1002-1007. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12890

22. MJ Westgate, AIT Tulloch, PS Barton, JC Pierson & DB Lindenmayer (2017) Optimal taxonomic groups for biodiversity assessment: A meta-analytic approach. Ecography 40: 539-548. https://doi.org/10.1111/ecog.02318


21. DB Lindenmayer, C MacGregor, J Wood, MJ Westgate, K Ikin, C Foster, F Ford & R Zentelis (2016) Bombs, fire and biodiversity: vertebrate fauna occurrence in areas subject to military training. Biological Conservation 204(B) 276-283. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2016.10.030

20. DB Lindenmayer, SG Candy, SC Banks, MJ Westgate, K Ikin, JC Pierson, AIT Tulloch & PS Barton (2016) Do temporal changes in vegetation structure predict changes in bird occupancy additional to time since fire? Ecological Applications 26(7) 2267-2279. https://doi.org/10.1002/eap.1367

19. AIT Tulloch, I Chadés, Y Dujardin, MJ Westgate, PW Lane & DB Lindenmayer (2016) Dynamic species co-occurrence networks require dynamic biodiversity surrogates. Ecography 39(12) 1185-1196.  https://doi.org/10.1111/ecog.02143

18. M Hunter Jr., M Westgate, P Barton, A Calhoun, J Pierson, A Tulloch, M Beger, C Branquino, T Caro, J Gross, J Heino, P Lane, C Longo, K Martin, WH McDowell, C Mellin, H Salo & D Lindenmayer (2016) Two roles for ecological surrogacy: indicator surrogates and management surrogates. Ecological Indicators 63: 121-125.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.11.049


17. MJ Westgate, PS Barton, JC Pierson & DB Lindenmayer (2015) Text analysis tools for identification of emerging topics and research gaps in conservation science. Conservation Biology 29(6): 1606-1614. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12605

16. MJ Westgate, BC Scheele, K Ikin, AM Hoefer, RM Beaty, M Evans, W Osborne, L Rayner & DA Driscoll (2015) Citizen science program shows urban areas have lower occurrence of frog species, but not accelerated declines. PLoS ONE 10(11): e0140973.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0140973

15. D Lindenmayer, J Pierson, P Barton, M Beger, C Branquinho, A Calhoun, T Caro, H Greig, J Gross, J Heino, M Hunter, P Lane, C Longo, K Martin, WH McDowell, C Mellin, H Salo, A Tulloch & M Westgate (2015) A new framework for selecting environmental surrogates. Science of the Total Environment 538: 1029-1038. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.08.056

14. D Stojanovic, A Terauds, MJ Westgate, MH Webb & R Heinsohn (2015) Exploiting the richest patch has a fitness pay-off for the migratory swift parrot. Journal of Animal Ecology 84(5): 1194-1201.  https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2656.12375

13. A Mortelliti, MJ Westgate, J Stein, J Wood & DB Lindenmayer (2015) Ecological and spatial drivers of population synchrony in bird assemblages. Basic and Applied Ecology 16(3): 269-278. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.baae.2015.01.008

12. PS Barton, JC Pierson, MJ Westgate, PW Lane & DB Lindenmayer (2015) Learning from clinical medicine to improve the use of surrogates in ecology. Oikos 124: 391-398. https://doi.org/10.1111/oik.02007


11. DB Lindenmayer, PW Lane, MJ Westgate, M Crane, D Michael, S Okada & PS Barton (2014) An empirical assessment of the focal species hypothesis. Conservation Biology 28(6): 1594-1603.  https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12330

10. PS Barton, MJ Westgate, PW Lane, C MacGregor & DB Lindenmayer (2014) Robustness of habitat-based surrogates of animal diversity: a multi-taxa comparison over time. Journal of Applied Ecology 51(5): 1434-1443. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.12290

9. A Mortelliti, MJ Westgate, & DB Lindenmayer (2014) Experimental evaluation shows limited influence of pine plantations on the connectivity of highly fragmented bird populations. Journal of Applied Ecology 51(5): 1179-1187. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.12313

8. PW Lane, DB Lindenmayer, PS Barton, W Blanchard & MJ Westgate (2014) Visualisation of species pairwise associations: a case study of surrogacy in bird assemblages. Ecology and Evolution 4(16): 3279-3289.   https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.1182

7. MJ Westgate, PS Barton, PW Lane & DB Lindenmayer (2014) Global meta-analysis reveals low consistency of biodiversity congruence relationships. Nature Communications 5:3899. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms4899

6. DA Driscoll, SC Banks, PS Barton, K Ikin, P Lentini, DB Lindenmayer, AL Smith, LE Berry, EL Burns, A Edworthy, MJ Evans, R Gibson, R Heinsohn, B Howland, G Kay, N Munro, BC Scheele, I Stirnemann, D Stojanovic, N Sweaney, NR Villasenor, & MJ Westgate (2014) The trajectory of dispersal research in conservation biology. Systematic review. PLoS ONE 9(4): e95053. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095053

5. DB Lindenmayer, PS Barton, PW Lane, MJ Westgate, L McBurney, D Blair, P Gibbons & GE Likens (2014) An empirical assessment and comparison of species-based and habitat-based surrogates: a case study of forest vertebrates and large old trees. PLoS ONE 9(2): e89807.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089807


4. MJ Westgate, GE Likens, & DB Lindenmayer (2013) Adaptive management of biological systems: A review. Biological Conservation 158: 128-139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2012.08.016

3. MJ Westgate, DA Driscoll & DB Lindenmayer (2012) Limited influence of stream networks on the terrestrial movements of three wetland-dependent frog species. Biological Conservation 153: 169-176. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2012.04.030

2. MJ Westgate, DA Driscoll & DB Lindenmayer (2012) Can the intermediate disturbance hypothesis and information on species traits predict anuran responses to fire? Oikos 121: 1516-1524. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0706.2011.19863.x

1. A Felton, J Fischer, DB Lindenmayer, R Montague-Drake, A Lowe, D Saunders, A Felton, W Steffen, NT Munro, K Youngentob, J Gillen, P Gibbons, JE Bruzgul, I Fazey, SJ Bond, CP Elliott, BCT Macdonald, LL Porfirio, MJ Westgate & M Worthy (2009) Climate change, conservation and management: an assessment of the peer-reviewed scientific journal literature. Biodiversity and Conservation 18:2243-2253. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-009-9652-0